Meaning and Use of the Words 2. Meaning and Use of the Words:
Visit Website Did you know? In an effort to explain by scientific means the strange afflictions suffered by those "bewitched" Salem residents ina study published in Science magazine in cited the fungus ergot found in rye, wheat and other cerealswhich toxicologists say can cause symptoms such as delusions, vomiting and muscle spasms.
In January9-year-old Elizabeth Betty Parris and year-old Abigail Williams the daughter and niece of Samuel Parris, minister of Salem Village began having fits, including violent contortions and uncontrollable outbursts of screaming. After a local doctor, William Griggs, diagnosed bewitchment, other young girls in the community began to exhibit similar symptoms, including Ann Putnam Jr.
The Hysteria Spreads The three accused witches were brought before the magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne and questioned, even as their accusers appeared in the courtroom in a grand display of spasms, contortions, screaming and writhing.
Though Good and Osborn denied their guilt, Tituba confessed. Likely seeking to save herself from certain conviction by acting as an informer, she claimed there were other witches acting alongside her in service of the devil against the Puritans. As hysteria spread through the community and beyond into the rest of Massachusetts, a number of others were accused, including Martha Corey and Rebecca Nurse—both regarded as upstanding members of church and community—and the four-year-old daughter of Sarah Good.
In Maythe newly appointed governor of Massachusetts, William Phips, ordered the establishment of a special Court of Oyer to hear and Terminer to decide on witchcraft cases for Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex counties.
Presided over by judges including Hathorne, Samuel Sewall and William Stoughton, the court handed down its first conviction, against Bridget Bishop, on June 2; she was hanged eight days later on what would become known as Gallows Hill in Salem Town. Five more people were hanged that July; five in August and eight more in September.
Conclusion and Legacy Though the respected minister Cotton Mather had warned of the dubious value of spectral evidence or testimony about dreams and visionshis concerns went largely unheeded during the Salem witch trials. Trials continued with dwindling intensity until earlyand by that May Phips had pardoned and released all those in prison on witchcraft charges.
In Januarythe Massachusetts General Court declared a day of fasting for the tragedy of the Salem witch trials; the court later deemed the trials unlawful, and the leading justice Samuel Sewall publicly apologized for his role in the process. The damage to the community lingered, however, even after Massachusetts Colony passed legislation restoring the good names of the condemned and providing financial restitution to their heirs in Start your free trial today.By: Christian Cava, Ian Fife, Kimberly Sponhouse, Joey Calhoun, and Blanca Villalobos History and Definition of Witchcraft:Ancient to Modern Witchcraft Consequences of Being Accused of Witchcraft Methods Used to Determine a Witch Social Response to Witchcraft in Europe in the 16th and 17th Centuries Paranoia.
witch·craft (wĭch′krăft′) n. 1. Magic; sorcery. 2. Wicca. 3. A magical or irresistible influence, attraction, or charm. witchcraft (ˈwɪtʃˌkrɑːft) n 1. (Alternative Belief Systems) the art or power of bringing magical or preternatural power to bear or the act or practice of attempting to do so 2.
(Alternative Belief Systems) the influence of.
Witchcraft History. Infused with mystery, fear, unbelievable and grim facts and records, Witchcraft History can be traced back to centuries. The word ‘Witchcraft’ has been derived from the word ‘Wicca’ which means ‘the wise one’.
Introduction Witchcraft is an important and difficult historical subject. Throughout human history, most cultures and societies have conceived of certain. The idea of witchcraft is ubiquitous throughout human history and culture.
Explore the meaning, history, and significance of witchcraft, and test your understanding of witchcraft and magic across. Witchcraft was declared a crime in English law in ; trials there peaked in s and s but fell sharply after The last, in , ended in acquittal. The Witchcraft Act was repealed