Writing a Personal Statement What are you writing about?
However, the term "junior college" is now usually used to characterize private two-year institutions.
The term "community college" has evolved to describe publicly funded two-year institutions. The main national advocacy organization for community colleges, which was founded in as the "American Association of Junior Colleges," changed its name in to the " American Association of Community Colleges ".
Cohen and Brawer report on the variety of other names, such as city college, county college in New Jerseyand branch campus. Other common components of the school name include vocational, technical, adult education and technical institute. Another example is Westchester Community College.
In the late s, the county operated a popular vocational institute. The New York state government required that the county transform its technical institute into a community college. Furthermore, because the vital role played by rural community colleges in preparing excess rural youth for productive careers in urban centers is not well understood by policy makers, these relatively small institutions do not receive sufficient state funding to offset their weak tax bases and, because of their relatively small size, much higher per-student costs when compared to urban community colleges.
Helland cites a section from the Vincennes University catalog: It is half-way between the commissioned high school and the full-fledged college: Primary emphasis was placed on traditional middle class values and developing responsible citizens.
As an example, Normal Schools began in the State of Massachusetts in the s as extensions of local high schools.
They were originated to meet the need for teacher preparation. For example, in Saint Joseph, Missouri, a Normal School was added to the local high school to provide a career track for women who wanted to teach.
Hill acknowledged the request and provided for the articulation. Hill was actively involved in the American Association of Universities and calling for the establishment of junior colleges for this purpose.
Wheaton was the Director of Practice. Wheaton had been employed at the Oshkosh Normal School in Wisconsin. In Minneapolis, a Normal Training School was instituted in the fall of Miss Adele Evers of Manchester Normal School in New Hampshire was appointed the first teacher; she was one of six candidates for the position.
The result of the two- year schools founded in Oklahoma Public School Secondary System inboth institutions later merged in and became the Oklahoma Institute of Technology.
Dean Schneider of the University of Cincinnati developed an alternative high school with a cooperative plan where students spent one week in an occupation and the other in school.
Industry provided the shop experiences and the classroom facilitated the academic. This national vocational movement gave junior colleges a target population, but numerous students wanted more than a semiprofessional education; many maintained a desire to transfer.
Throughout this time period, there was a move for more public two-year institutions along with a trend to separate from high schools and affiliate with higher education.
With the change in affiliation came a new status which encouraged junior colleges to develop additional credibility through the creation of professional criteria and use of scientific methods. At that time of severe financial hardship J. Carroll, president of Baylor University, made a pragmatic suggestion to solve the problem of too many Baptist colleges with insufficient funds and not enough students to support them: After this preliminary period, Baylor University would accept the two-year students and provide the junior and senior years of their academic plan.
Carroll hoped this split would require fewer faculty and resources for the first two years of higher education. In the larger cities early public community colleges were often an extension of high schoolslike the first established, Joliet Junior Collegein Illinois in These initial community colleges generally were small usually fewer than students and focused on a liberal arts education with the goal of transferring students to four-year colleges.
They reflected high school needs and lacked a definite identity. These examples of two-year structure innovations with transfer missions in the private and public sector provided a pragmatic approach for the preservation of existing institutions.
Junior colleges grew from 20 in number Into in By37 states had set up 70 junior colleges, enrolling about students each. Meanwhile, another were privately operated, with about 60 students each.
Rapid expansion continued in the s, with junior colleges in enrolling about 70, students. The peak year for private institutions came inwhen there were junior colleges in all; were affiliated with churches, were independent non-profit, and 34 were private Schools run for-profit. Students parents and businessmen wanted nearby, low-cost schools to provide training for the growing white collar labor force, as well as for more advanced technical jobs in the blue collar sphere.
Four years colleges were also growing, albeit not as fast; however many of them were located in rural or small-town areas away from the fast-growing metropolis.
Several different movements supported the creation of community colleges, including local community support of public and private two-year institutions, the expansion of the public education system, increased professional standards for teachers, the vocational education movement, and an expanding demand for adult and community education.In any field of study, and in life, having a good plan helps us to achieve our goals and to make us more successful in all of our endeavors I have many goals that would like to achieve over the next five to ten years in the areas of education, career.
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For me, I can easily articulate my goals in a few r-bridal.com: Katrinamanning. PERSONAL CAREER DEVELOPMENT PLAN Ruth Ann Loyd Jacksonville University Professional Nursing NURSI Kathleen Kavanagh September 4, Abstract My personal career development plan consists of short and long-term goals advancements in my education towards a MSN degree and moving into the nurse practitioner role.
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