Trees are far more than their basic definition, and they just might surprise you. What a ridiculous question—of course you have.
Champion recognized 13 major types of forest in India. Champion and Seth recognized sixteen types of forest which are listed below. The following types of forests are found in India which cover nearly 17 per cent of the total area of Indian territory.
The relative extents of different types of forests in India are presented in the following Table A great majority of the forests found in India are of this type. Tropical forests are of two types: B Tropical dry forests.
These are further classified into the following types on the basis of relative degree of wetness: These are also called tropical rain forests. In India such forests are found in very wet regions receiving more than cm average annual rainfall.
These are climatic forests having luxuriantly growing lofty trees which are more than 45 metres in height. The shrubs, lianas woody climbers and epiphytes are abundant because of high rainfall.
CanaraAnnamalai hills KoorjAssam and Bengal. The detail account of this is given in the description of mesophytes. These forests are found along the western coasts, eastern Orissa and upper Assam where annual rainfall is between and cm. They are characterised by giant and luxuriantly growing intermixed deciduous and evergreen species of trees and shrubs.
Orchids, ferns, some grasses and several other herbs are also common.
These cover an extensive area of the country receiving sufficiently high rainfall to cm spread over most of the year. The dry periods are of short duration.
Many plants of such forests show leaf-fall in hot summer. The forests are found along the wet western side of the Deccan plateau, i.
Andhra, Gangetic plains and in some Himalayan tracts extending from Punjab in west to Assam valley in the east.
In north, they are dominated by shal Shorea robusta. Some other common associates of shal are Terminalia tomentosa, Dellenia species, Eugenia species, Boswellia species and Mallotus philippensis. These forests produce some of the most important timbers of India.
Grasses become important both in seral stages and in the areas under fire. Littoral and Swampy forests include the following types: The beach forests are found all along the sea beaches and river deltas.
The soil is sandy having large amount of lime and salts but poor in nitrogen and other mineral nutrients. Ground water is brackish, water table is only a few metres deep and rainfall varies from 75 cm to cm depending upon the area.
The temperature is moderate. The common plants of these forests are Casuarina equisetifolia, Borassus, Phoenix, Manilkara littoralis, Callophyllum littoralis, Pandanus, Thespesia, Barringtonia, Pongamia, Cocos nucifera, Spinifex littoreus and a number of twiners and climbers.
Tidal or Mangrove forests: Tidal forests grow near the estuaries or the deltas of rivers, swampy margins of Islands and along sea coasts.Trees of India.
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Trees of India; Shailendra Tree-- Vachellia nilotica. Indian Almond-- Terminalia. Check out our fun tree facts for kids. Learn how tall trees can grow, how long they can live, how they help us breathe, what wood can be used for, what tree roots do and much more.
Read on and have fun learning a range of interesting information about trees.
Trees are tall plants made of wood. Volunteers plant trees in Allahabad, India, on July 11, as part of an effort to restore 50 million trees in a day.
Nov 05, · Trees are known to remove pollutants from the air in addition to converting carbon dioxide into oxygen.
There is also evidence that urban trees can reduce power consumption by shading buildings in summer, and blocking cold winds in the winter. Sep 05, · Update 5 July The previous record has been broken already, with the news this week that million people planted 66 million trees along the Narmada river in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
As development in India has raced ahead, demand for firewood, pasture and land for building has destroyed. Sal trees is a rare tree variety that is mainly found in the eastern regions of India like Bengal, Assam and others.
It is a sub deciduous tree up to 30 m height. This Sal tree has a tough texture and leathery leaves.